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This library contains reports, studies, and articles about the causes and consequences of mass incarceration as well as effective alternatives to imprisonment.

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Causes & Consequences of Mass Incarceration

The Growth of Incarceration in the United States

2014 Report by the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences on the causes and effects of mass incarceration.

People Serving Life Sentences Exceeds Entire Prison Population of 1970

2020 Report by The Sentencing Project on the number of persons serving life sentences in every state compared to the number of persons serving sentences for all crimes in 1970.

Review of Washington's Sentencing Reform Act 2019

2019 report by Washington's Sentencing Guidelines Commission on Washington's felony sentencing structure with recommended changes.

Ending Mass Incarceration in Washington

2020 paper by the End Mass Incarceration Project on the origins, rationales, and effects of mass incarceration and suggested cures for this addiction to incarceration as the solution to so many social ills.

How Life and Long Sentences Fuel Mass Incarceration in Washington State

2020 Report by University of Washington professors Katherine Beckett and Heather D. Evans.

Retribution and Race

2019 study by Justin Levinson, Robert Smith, and Koichi Hioki on the correlation between racial hostility and the desire for severe retribution.

How Many Americans Are Unnecessarily Incarcerated

2016 report by The Brennan Center for Justice on the lack of public safety rationale for current incarceration levels and proposed changes to our sentencing system.

Restorative Justice

How to help victims, reduce excessive prison sentences, and save money.

Survivors of Crime

National Survey of Crime Survivors

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A New Lease on Life

The Sentencing Project (2021

Alternatives to Incarceration

Violence, Mass Incarceration, and Restorative Justice

Katherine Beckett and Martina Kartman (2016)

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Plea Bargaining

In the Shadows

Vera Institute of Justice (2020)

Racial Disproportionality

Adult General Disproportionality Report

Washington Caseload Forecast Council (2019)

Examining Washington State's Sentencing Guidelines:

Washington State Institute for Public Policy (2021)

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